Embryology : Fusion Anamolies

 
Published on March 16, 2015

Very use full, beautiful and highly comprehensive illustration with a lot of high yield facts and figures. The large U-shaped kidney usually lies in the hypogastrium, anterior to the inferior lumbar vertebrae Normal ascent of these fused kidneys is prevented because they are caught by the root of the inferior mesenteric artery 7% of persons with Turner's syndrome have horseshoe kidneys. kidney fails to ascend from its origin in the true pelvis; kidneys are joined, but the ureters enter the bladder on each side Horseshoe kidney, the most common fusion anomaly renal parenchyma on each side of the vertebral column is joined at the corresponding (usually lower) poles Crossed fused renal ectopia is the 2nd most common fusion anomaly ureteropelvic junction obstruction is present pyeloplasty is the treatment of choice Fused pelvic kidney (pancake kidney) is much less common hydronephrosis will cause discomfort and pains in the side treatment is directed at the accompanying diseases, such as urinary tract infections and hydronephrosis. Horseshoe kidney occurs in about one in 500 children Sixty percent of girls with Turner syndrome have horseshoe kidneys Trisomy 18 a serious chromosome abnormality involving defects in nearly all organ systems, including horseshoe kidney in 20 percent of children affected.