FEASTS & BANQUETS in ANCIENT EGYPT,
FESTIVAL of DRUNKENNESS:
Paintings in Tombs Show scenes which illustrate that there were Feasts & Banquets,in Ancient Egypt (at Least for The High Class) and for several motives,Weddings,To Honor Guests, Births Etc. Moreover In the calendar of Ancient Egypt there were 105 parties between religious and civil, agricultural festivals covering the funeral, the Pharaoh. Since the life of the Egyptian religion was based, all parties were in themselves a religious background at parties all the people involved The most important festivals were:
During his first day Thot arrival of the new year was celebrated.
On the 11th celebrating the appearance in the sky of the star Sothis "Sirius" (For some this day was the beginning of the new year)On the 15th of this month was held,the Festival Of Drunkenness,: The Pharaoh offered to the goddess Hathor (goddess of love) jars of wine,(between dances), which subsequently consumed it.Between 17 and 22 celebrating the great feast of the dead or party Uag, in which he praised the god Osiris, always in transit to further and it was taken out in procession on 22 at the end of the party.From day 22 of the month of Jaiak celebrating the mysteries of death and resurrection of the god Osiris.In the month of Tiby celebrating the feast of the god Nekheb-Kau god Ka provider. During the Shemu harvest time in the month of Pashon the feast of the goddess Ermuthis goddess of the harvest was celebrated.
During the month of Pashon the feast of the god is also celebrated fertility god Min. These festivals were held in the city of Koptos with competitions between animals for selection of the best representatives of the breed. All Pashon month was dedicated to the sun god.In Ajet station during the month of Paophi the Opet festival that lasted a total of eleven days celebrated.In the month of Epiphi reunion party held between Horus and Hathor. During this festival the goddess Hathor at Dendera left town to go to the city of Edfu to meet her husband the god Horus. These festivities lasted for fifteen days.
One of the most important holidays in Egypt was the feast of Sed or Jubilee, in which Pharaoh celebrated thirty years of his reign, in which he renewed his power. Some pharaohs adelantaban this event for several years, but very few were those who managed to celebrate. The gods were moved to the city of Memphis to attend the party.In the month of Meshir coinciding with the day December 25 of the Julian year, Egyptians commemorated the birth of the god Horus.In addition to these festivals minor local festivals were celebrated. Every day celebrations and rituals were held to different gods.
(*) FESTIVAL of DRUNKENNESS:
a recent discovery of a "porch of drunkenness" from a Hathor chapel of Hatshepsut, to the Mut complex in Thebes shows that these festivals took place early in the XVIII th Dynasty. Although scenes of banquets in XVIII th dynasty Theban tombs have been connected to the Beautiful Feast of the Valley, recent studies suggest that not all are, and that some banquets are celebrations of these Hathor feasts, particularly when accompanied by musicians and dancers. This paper will discuss other evidence that these rites for Hathor are commemorated in 18th dynasty tomb paintings, including representation of offerings and ritual vessels related to them against a backdrop of activities in the marshes.Celebrated during the first month of the Egyptian year, it was closely tied with religion. It was a celebration in honour of the Eye of Ra and myth of the slaughter of mankind, principally held to appease the goddess Sekhmet, but it was also an important celebration of those goddesses who also held the title, such as Hathor, Tefnut and Mut.
As part of the ritual, the sleeping celebrants would be awoken by the sound of drums and music, so the drinkers could commune with and worship the goddess. Dancing and the lighting of torches were all part of the ritual celebration, all in the hopes that worshipers would receive an epiphany from the goddess.Interestingly, the reference to "traveling through the marshes" is, probably an ancient Egyptian euphemism for having sex. This theory is supported by graffiti depicting men and women in different sexual positions. Thus the "hall of travelling through the marshes" was possibly a place where the worshipers would be involved in more intimate encounters during the Festival of Drunkenness. When linking this to the goddess Hathor, this aspect of the festival is unsurprising, as she was also the goddess of love.Thus alcohol was not only central to the daily lives of the ancient Egyptians, but it was also one of the ways in which they could worship their gods, and maybe experience for themselves what it meant, to them: To be divine.