Link to part One of the Book Summary - https://youtu.be/8ZWe5x2cNYc
Link to download our App Booklet - https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.booklet.app&hl=en
This book will transform the way you look towards success. We always think for success all required is - passion, commitment, discipline and hard-work. But Gladwell says it’s not the whole truth. Other things like – background of our parents, our cultural legacy, where we are from, when we are born – they all help shape our success.
Let’s start simplifying the knowledge from book. Book is divided into two parts – Opportunity and Legacy.
Let us start simplifying part 2 i.e. Legacy. In this part, we will discuss about
1. Reason behind Korean plane crashes - 00:53
2. Reason for Asian students working harder than others 02:54
3. Reason for K.I.P.P.'s School success 04:14
1- Reason behind Korean plane crashes
Korean air had a spate of crashes in the 80’s and 90’s that earned them a bad reputation and threatened their existence as an airline. But, amazingly, Korean air turned itself around. Since 1999, they have a perfect safety record. It is now as safe as any airline in the world. Let us see how they were able to do that.
Gladwell has provides the transcript from the flight, Avianca 052. The plane had to divert several times from its planned landing and is running dangerously low on fuel. The pilot repeatedly said the first officer to tell Air Traffic Control (ATC) that their fuel levels have become a problem. The first officer tells ATC that the plane is “running out of fuel” but doesn’t use the word “emergency” or even seem very concerned.
ATC asks them to divert again, and the first officer agrees. The plane runs out of fuel and crashes shortly after this final communication to ATC.
Gladwell dissected the language used. The first officer and the pilot made suggestions, but failed to commandingly tell ATC their problem. Reason was Korean speech tends to put a great deal of interpretive responsibility on the listener. Speakers are not blunt, because they expect the listener to pick up on subtle cues. But when the listener is tired and multitasking, this cultural trend becomes dangerous, and in this case led to a crash.
Thus realizing that the all their plane crashes were mainly due to communication errors, they re-trained their pilots by enforcing the use of English to communicate with crew members, and by getting them to work with a western crew. English, unlike Korean, does not have deference built into the language.
2- Reason for Asian Student working harder than others
Here Gladwell argues that Asians excel at math because their rice planting culture exalts hard work and persistence.
A rice paddy is hard work because it has to be irrigated, dikes have to be constructed to channel the water, the water flow has to be adjusted to cover just the right amount of plant and many other things. It’s a lot of hard work.
Contrast this with the west, they had wheat field. A rice paddy might be small but compared to a wheat field. It is 10 to 20 times more labor intensive.
A peasant in eighteenth century Europe would work just for 200 days a year. During harvest or spring planting, they would work longer. During winter, much less. In contrast, the Chinese did not sleep during the winter, and busied themselves with other jobs. Thus, this culture transmits the value of hard work to its people and creates the stereotype of the Asian student who stays long into the night in the library and is the last one to leave.
3- Reason for KIPP School's success
A middle school in New York City called KIPP. It is in a poor neighborhood, and its students are largely from financially disadvantaged families. But KIPP has become one of the most desirable middle schools in the city. Let us see how they KIPP achieved that feat.
Summer vacation has not been at the centre of any debates. But, Gladwell argues, that should be. High performing and low performing schools record the same or very similar levels of improvement over the course of a school year. But during the summer, low-income schoolchildren lose ground and middle class children do not. Their family cannot provide them an engaging summer vacation.
KIPP – knowledge is Power Program schools solve that problem by having a long school day. This allows for longer classes. Teachers don’t have to rush, and as a result, students don’t feel pressure to be first or fastest. Thus by increasing the number of hours, KIPP gave the children from poor families an opportunity to change the future. Hope you saw part 1 of these book – it focused on how important opportunities are for your success.