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This book will transform the way you look towards success. We always think for success all required is - passion, commitment, discipline and hard-work. But Gladwell says it’s not the whole truth. Other things like – background of our parents, our cultural legacy, where we are from, when we are born – they all help shape our success.
Book is divided into two parts – Opportunity and Legacy. In part one we will discuss about
1-Matthew effect 01:07
2-10,000 hour rule 02:30
3-Trouble with geniuses 04:00
1. Matthew effect
Gladwell has taken an example of Canadian hockey league. Everyone had assumption all successful players succeeded because they were talented and worked hard. But there was strange phenomenon recorded. Most of the players in the professional hockey league are born in January, February or March.
Does the month in each they were born plays a crucial role? Yes it does. The reason is because January is a cutoff month for players in the hockey school leagues. Compare a player born in January with one born in December. When you’re an adolescent, an age gap of a few months means a big difference in physical maturity.These bigger, older players make an impression on coach at a young age. Then they are moved to better teams and have more opportunities to practice—and this makes them better.
2. 10,000 hour rule
The number of hours one has to put in practice for becoming great in something is 10,000 hours. This is not easy. There must be support from the environment, parents must encourage you. You may need a special program or to be given an extraordinary opportunity.
Let’s understand this from the story of Bill Gates
He is recognized as a man who rose to the top through “sheer brilliance and ambition and guts.” But the story is complicated than that. Gates went to a private high school in Seattle, which had a computer club that offered students access to a time-shared computer—even the most colleges at that time didn’t have this facility. Bill Gates, a mere 8th grader in 1968, had a highly unusual opportunity.
The rest of Gates’s life is full of similar lucky breaks. By the time Gates started his own software company “he was past ten thousand hours.”Gladwell also takes the example of the Beatles, and Bill Joy - founder of Sun Microsystem. Both are examples of great talent, but what sets them apart are a series of randomly occurring opportunities.
The point is – not only about putting 10,000 hours, but also being in the place that allows you to put in those hours.
3- The trouble with geniuses
An IQ of 170 is likely to think better than an IQ of 70. But at high IQ’s, the relationship with success breaks down. An IQ of 130 is just as likely to win a Nobel prize as an IQ of 180. IQ is not directly proportional to real life success. Your IQ just has to be good enough
Apart from IQ, you also need good communication skills. Because you cannot achieve extra-ordinary success without the help of others.